The modern history of the world is said to have begun after the Middle Ages. After the Age of Reason and the Age of Enlightenment, historical events are said to have entered the modern period. This holds true especially for events after the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. The modern history of India is said to begin after 1850. There are some seminal periods of the modern history of India that shaped the consequent events that occurred long after these periods.
In 1857, there was a large scale rebellion of Indian soldiers against the British colonisers. There were several reasons behind this uprising. Some broad causes of the rebellion are as follows:
The trigger point was the rebellion of the sepoy Mangal Pandey. After Mangal Pandey, soldiers all over the country started joining peasant armies forming in several districts in different parts of the country.
Consequences of the war of 1857:
After the 1857 rebellion, the British government started the colonisation of India in earnest. They built the railroads and irrigation system. The focus shifted to producing workers for the technologically advanced British empire, and some 60,000 Indians had enrolled by the end of 1890.
Several political organisations were formed. The most prominent among these was the Indian National Congress, the All India Muslim League, and the Akhil Bhartiya Hindu Mahasabha. The latter two were openly influenced by a religious perspective in their politics. The Indian National Congress did not take part in socio-religious movements.
Several periods of note occurred during the British Raj. Some of them are as follows: