Sorry to hear your problem
But as per oDesk policy, which is mentioned here:
"With a few exceptions, most everyone over 18 and with an Internet connection can work on oDesk, and we're proud to support a thriving network of global freelancers."
Though you had started your freelancing career with lots of promises, but you may missed to notice or overlooked one rule, which I have highlighted in the above line.
I wish you all the best for your future success and you would continue your journey as a freealncer in another platform following all the rules of that platform so that you can avoid mishaps.
Good luck and have a good day
You probably will not get the money as it was earned while you violated the oDesk rules. Under those circumstances they are not only under no obligation to send it you.You need to read more carefully in the future to avoid more problems.